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Demographic Overview

Population Structure and Composition

One year after the Taiwan Retrocession in 1945, a national census was conducted (1946). The population of Taipei at that time was 271,754. In 1968, the six districts of Neihu, Nangang, Muzha, Jingmei, Shilin and Beitou were integrated into Taipei; the population at the end of that year totaled 1,604,543. By the end of 2013, the population reached 2,686,516 (1,289,945 males; 1,396,571 females). Compared with 2012, the total population increased by 13,290 (males up by 4,584; females up by 8,706).

1. Population Distribution

Taipei’s population is distributed among 12 districts. Due to varying topography, economic development and time of development, the population is unevenly distributed. Daan and Shilin Districts are the most populated.

(1) Population Density

By the end of 2013, the population density was 9,884 people per square kilometer. By district, Daan was the most densely populated, with 27,581 people per square kilometer, whereas Beitou was the most sparsely populated with 4,496 people per square kilometer.

(2) Births and Deaths

The crude birth rate in 2013 was 9.97‰, 1.11‰ decrease from 2012. The crude death rate was 6.11‰, 0.12‰ down from the previous year. Social environmental and economic factors affected people's willingness to give birth, causing the birthrate to fall. However, thanks to the “Have a Care-Free Pregnancy” policy of the Taipei City Government implemented in 2010, the birthrate began to rise. The city has continued to see a rise in the elderly population as a proportion of the overall population in the last decade. To prevent rapid population decline and excessive population aging from affecting economic development in the future, achieving reasonable population growth is a current sociodemographic concern.

Figure 1 Natural Increase Rate of Taipei’s Population in the Past Decade

2. Population Composition

Population composition allows population phenomena to be understood and the origins and nature of social issues to be analyzed. Observing the relationship of the population of a place to its social economy is an important indicator of economic change and is a crucial reference for the government when formulating current and future social welfare policies.

(1) Age Distribution

Generally speaking, the more people who are able to work, the lower the dependency ratio; the more the labor force is engaged in 9 productive activities, the more beneficial it is towards economic development. At the end of 2013, the young population (between the ages of 0-14) of Taipei was 383,601; the working age population (between the ages of 15-64) was 1,940,310, while the elderly population (above the age of 65) was 362,605. The dependency ratio was 38.46%, up by 0.77% from 2012.

(2) Marital Status

In 2013, the number of couples who registered for marriage was 18,870; the crude marriage rate was 7.04‰; the number of couples filing for divorce was 5,442; the crude divorce rate was 2.03‰. Compared with the previous year, the crude marriage rate was down by 0.03‰, while the crude divorce rate was down by 0.16‰.

Table 1 Taipei Age Structure in the Past Decade
Year Ages 0-14 Ages 15-64 Ages 65 and above
2004 17.71 71.37 10.92
2005 17.11 71.60 11.29
2006 16.50 71.86 11.64
2007 16.07 71.97 11.96
2008 15.56 72.13 12.31
2009 15.10 72.30 12.60
2010 14.66 72.67 12.67
2011 14.45 72.79 12.76
2012 14.33 72.63 13.04
2013 14.28 72.22 13.50
Source: Department of Civil Affairs, Taipei City Government

(3) Distribution of Aborigines

Taiwan’s aboriginal tribes consist of the Amis, Atayal, Paiwan, Bunun, Rukai, Puyuma, Tsou, Saishiat, Yami, Thao, Kavalan, Taroko, Sakizaya and Seediq tribes. By the end of 2013, the aboriginal population of Taipei was 15,235. More people were Amis than any other tribe, while the Thao, the Kavalan, and the Sakizaya had the fewest number of residents. Most of the aborigines live in Neihu, Wenshan, and Nangang Districts.

(4) New Immigrants and Foreigner Population

Along with Taiwan’s increasingly frequent political, economic, societal and cultural exchange activities with other nations, Taiwanese citizens’ worldview has been expanded, and an increase in marriages to foreign and Mainland Chinese people has followed. By the end of October 2013, Taipei had a population of 46,563 new immigrants, the majority being Mainland Chinese spouses at 33,802, with other foreign spouses totaling 12,761 (figures of the Ministry of the Interior) in number; the majority of new immigrants were residents in Wanhua (5,924), Wenshan (4,791), and Shilin (4,651) Districts. In order to assist new immigrants to adapt smoothly to local society and to help local residents welcome other cultures, the Taipei City Government has held various courses for new immigrants, including the New Immigrant Life Growth Camp, new immigrant native tongue courses (Vietnamese, Indonesian, and Thai), computer courses and performance workshops.

Furthermore, understanding the local culture is also a way to help new immigrants adapt to local society, and the Department of Civil Affairs asked district offices to plan local industry courses in 2013. For example, Wenshan and Nangang Districts offered tea drinking courses with the tea industry, Datung District offered a handicraft course together with the fabrics industry, and Wanhua District offered a patchwork course together with the clothing industry. These courses not only allow new immigrants to understand local culture, but also deepen the connection and learning between new immigrants and communities.

Globalization and the rise of the information society have enabled the rapid transmission of all kinds of information; convenient transportation has shortened distances between people and is gradually breaking down boundaries in the world. Due to its high level of economic development and a complete transportation network, Taipei often hosts large international conferences, events and exhibitions and there is also an increasing number of foreigners attending schools, taking part in international inspection tours, business activities and residing in Taipei. The UN established International Migrants Day on December 18, 2010; in 2011, the Ministry of the Interior designated this day as the Migrants Festival. To celebrate the second Migrants Festival, in conjunction with the National Immigration Agency, the Taipei City Government held the 2013 Immigrants Festival activity series, including a multi-cultural fair and performances on December 1, 2013 in 228 Peace Memorial Park, during which volunteers and translators were commended for their excellent service and selfless dedication to new immigrants.

Tea drinking culture class Taiwanese language class
Tea drinking culture class Taiwanese language class
In-Depth Report Population-Related Terms
  • Population-Related Terms
  • Crude marriage rate: Number of married couples as a percentage of the overall population in a certain period.
  • Crude divorce rate: Number of divorced couples as a percentage of the overall population in a certain period.
  • Crude birth rate: Number of live births per 1,000 people.
  • Crude death rate: Deaths in a year as a percentage of the total population, the number of deaths per 1,000 people.
  • Dependency ratio: A simple measurement of the burden on the working population of dependents.
      • Hit: 1064574
      • Updated: 2015/6/10 17:57
      • Reviewed: 2015/6/10 17:57

      • Source: Department of Information Technology, Taipei City Government