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Demographic Overview

Demographic Structure and Composition

One year after the Retrocession of Taiwan in 1945, a national census was conducted (in 1946). The population at that time was 271,754. In 1968, the six districts of Neihu, Nangang, Muzha, Jingmei, Shilin and Beitou were rezoned and annexed into Taipei City, and Taipei's population at the end of that year totaled 1,604,543. By the end of 2014, the population had reached 2,702,315 (1,295,636 males; 1,406,679 females). an increase of by 15,799 (that of males had increased by 5,691; that of females by 10,108) from 2013.

1. Demographic Distribution

Taipei's population is spread across the city's 12 districts. Due to the differing terrain, socioeconomic development and time of development of the districts, the population is unevenly distributed. Daan, Shilin and Neihu Districts are the most populated.

(1) Population Density

By the end of 2014, the population density was 9,942 people per square kilometer. By district, Daan was the most densely populated, with 27,610 people per square kilometer, whereas Beitou was the most sparsely populated, with 4,532 people per square kilometer.

(2) Births and Deaths

The crude birth rate in 2014 was 10.77‰, indicating a 0.8‰ increase from the previous year. The crude death rate was 6.387‰, suggesting a 0.27‰ growth from 2013. Shifts in social climates and financial concerns have affected people's willingness to give birth and raise children, causing the birthrate to drop. Nevertheless, the “Have a Care-Free Pregnancy” campaign by the City Government launched in 2011 has buoyed the birthrate. The population of elderly citizens in Taipei City has risen consistently in the past decade. Governments are now hard at work to prevent population decline and the rapid aging of population stunting the nation's economic development, while encouraging reasonable population growth. These issues demand immediate attention.

Figure 1 Birth and death rates of Taipei Demographics in the last decade
Figure 1 Birth and death rates of Taipei Demographics in the last decade

2. Demographic Composition

Demographic composition reveals a wealth of information, including the makeup of the population, the nature and causes of specific social issues, and the connection between communities and their socioeconomic development. Population composition is an important indicator of social and economic shifts; it is also a crucial frame of reference for the government, on which their present and future social welfare policies are based.

(1) Age Distribution

Generally speaking, the greater the number of laborers in a population, the lower its dependency ratio. A nation's economic growth benefits tremendously from a large, productive, population. By the end of 2014, the younger population (between the ages of 0-14) was 382,795 and the working adult population (between the ages of 15-64) was 1,938,993, while the elderly population (above 65 of age) was 380,527. The dependency ratio was 39.37%, up by 0.91% from 2013.

(2) Marital Status

In 2014, the number of couples who registered for marriage was 19,139 and the crude marriage rate was 7.10‰. The number of couples filing for divorce was 5,528 and the crude divorce rate was 2.05‰. Compared with the year before, the crude marriage rate was up by 0.06‰, while the crude divorce rate was down by 0.02%.

Table 1 Taipei City Age Structure over the Past Decade

Year Age 0-14 Age 15-64 Age 65 and over
2005 17.11 71.6 11.29
2006 16.5 71.86 11.64
2007 16.07 71.97 11.96
2008 15.56 72.13 12.31
2009 15.1 72.3 12.6
2010 14.66 72.67 12.67
2011 14.45 72.79 12.76
2012 14.33 72.63 13.04
2013 14.28 72.22 13.5
2014 14.17 71.75 14.08
Source: Department of Civil Affairs, Taipei City Government     Unit: %

(3) Distribution of Aborigines

Taiwan's aborigines consist of the Amis, Atayal, Paiwan, Bunun, Rukai, Puyuma, Tsou, Saisiat, Yami, Thao, Kavalan, Taroko, Sakizaya, Seediq, Saaroa, and Kanakanavu Tribes. By the end of 2014, the aboriginal population of Taipei City was 15,581. The largest aboriginal population was the Amis, while the Saaroa, and Kanakanavu Tribes had the fewest number of people. Most of the aborigines live in Neihu, Wenshan, and Nangang Districts.

Exhibition of Landmark Achievements by New Immigrants in Zhongzhen District The Taipei City New Immigrants' Hall in Wanhua
Exhibition of Landmark Achievements by New Immigrants in Zhongzhen District The Taipei City New Immigrants' Hall in Wanhua
Population-Related Terms
Crude marriage rate: the number of married couples as a percentage of the overall population in a certain period.
Crude divorce rate: the number of divorced couples as a percentage of the overall population in a certain period. Crude birth rate: the number of live births per 1,000 people.
Crude death rate: the number of deaths in a year as a percentage of the total population, the number of deaths per 1,000 people.
Dependency ratio: A simple measurement of the burden on the working population of dependents.

(4) New Immigrant and Foreigner Population

Statistics show that the number of new immigrants in Taipei City has grown steadily. In a move to create an immigrant-friendly environment, and help new immigrants adapt to married life in a new country, the City Government has launched a robust outreach and counseling program. The "Outreach Counseling Policy and Implementation Plan for New Immigrants in Taipei City" was issued; and the "Commission for Outreach Counseling and Implementation for New Immigrants" was established. Since 2000, the Department of Civil Affairs has launched a series of enrichment camps and seminars for new immigrants. By December, 2014, 334 workshops had been held, attended by 10,733 people; many multicultural promotion campaigns have also been hosted. In addition, New Immigrants Halls have been set up in Wanhua and Nangang. Statistics indicate that by the end of December, 2014, 160,111 people had visited the halls to make new friends. Additionally, a "New Immigrants Area Taipei City" website was set up. By the end of December, 2014, the site had received 2,216,637 hits. Additionally, personal visits by borough chiefs or borough directors were launched as part of the community outreach to new immigrants. By the end of December, 2014, more than 10,000 new immigrant families had received these personal visits, where they experienced personal and heart-warming support. These measures are fashioning Taipei into a dynamic, multicultural immigrant city. To highlight the extraordinary value of mutual learning, mutual respect, and the understanding of cultural differences between new immigrants and their families, the Department of Civil Affairs has been organizing the "Joint Commencement Ceremony for New Immigrants Workshop" since 2008, showcasing the amazing learning milestones of new immigrants. 2014 marked the Workshop's seventh anniversary. The number of participants and family members had reached 7,100. Also, a special design exhibition was hosted to showcase the partnership between community members and new immigrants. A multicultural exhibition was held for this purpose that combined the community's local resources. The event featured fun contests, exotic cuisine and a landmark achievements exhibition, and successfully attested to Taipei City's strong support for new immigrants. Between 2007 and the end of December, 2014, 13 such events were held, and attended by a total of 20,200 participants.

A joint commencement ceremony for new immigrants workshop Exhibition Taipei – New Immigrants and a Multicultural Cityscape
A joint commencement ceremony for new immigrants workshop Exhibition Taipei – New Immigrants and a Multicultural Cityscape

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  • Updated: 2015/12/11 15:28
  • Reviewed: 2015/12/11 15:28

  • Source: Department of Information Technology, Taipei City Government