Wenshan District is located south of the Taipei Basin, adjacent to Xindian and on the lower reaches of Shenkeng. It is surrounded by mountains on three sides, with the hilly land on the east side partially cultivated into tea plantations, orchards and bamboo groves; the rest and majority remains woodland. The Jingmei River runs westbound through the District and converges with the Xindian River at the lower stream. Embraced by mountains and rivers and irrigated by an extensive network of channels, small business clusters naturally develop along the long narrow basin by the Jingmei Riverbank. It is a district boasting plain fields, mountains, forest and temples, among other amazing sceneries, all in one region.
274,161 (Sep. 2017)
Area 31.5090 km2
Located in the southern suburbs of Taipei City and east of Xindian River, Wenshan District is adjacent to Shenkeng District to the east; and faces Xindian, Yonghe and Zhonghe Districts to the west. Topographically a basin, it used to be a land of mud and brambles. During the latter half of the 18th century, the first settlers came to this area along the Jingmei River. Later, in the beginning of the 19th century, streets were gradually established and two villages were formed to the west: Wansheng and Shiwufen. Wooden fences were erected alongside the river to the east.
During the 1870s when Taipei Prefecture was created, the area was still governed by the Tamsui Sub-prefecture. During the Japanese occupation, it was incorporated under the Wenshan-kun of Taipei State, under the governance of Shenkeng Village. On March 1, 1950, to facilitate the implementation of government policies and also based on actual requirements, the Chinese government divided the region into three areas: Jingmei, Muzha and Shenkeng. Jingmei and Muzha were reassigned to Taipei City on July 1, 1968, and later combined to become Wenshan District on March 12, 1990 during an administrative adjustment.
The demographic profile of the Wenshan District is predominantly composed of military servicemen, civil servants and teaching professionals, followed by those engaged in commerce and industry, and then those involved in farming and agriculture.
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